STOCHASTIC MODEL PREDICTIVE CONTROL AND PORTFOLIO OPTIMIZATION
HANS P. GEERING
This paper proposes a solution method for the discrete-time long-term dynamic portfolio optimization problem with state and asset allocation constraints. We use the ideas of Model Predictive Control (MPC) to solve the constrained stochastic control problem. MPC is a solution technique which was developed to solve constrained optimal control problems for deterministic control applications. MPC solves the optimal control problem with a receding horizon where a series of consecutive open-loop optimal control problems is solved.The aim of this paper is to develop an MPC approach to the problem of long-term portfolio optimization when the expected returns of the risky assets are modeled using a factor model based on stochastic Gaussian processes. We prove that MPC is a suboptimal control strategy for stochastic systems which uses the new information advantageously and thus is better than the pure optimal open-loop control. For the open-loop optimal control optimization, we derive the conditional portfolio distribution and the corresponding conditional portfolio mean and variance. The mean and the variance depend on future decision about the asset allocation.For the dynamic portfolio optimization problem, we consider constraints on the asset allocation as well as probabilistic constraints on the attainable values of the portfolio wealth. We discuss two different objectives, a classical meanâvariance objective and the objective to maximize the probability of exceeding a predetermined value of the portfolio. The dynamic portfolio optimization problem is stated, and the solution via MPC is explained in detail. The results are then illustrated in a case study.
Portfolio optimization, optimal control, model predictive control, dynamic programming
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