Policy Options for Cambodia's Ream National Park: A Stakeholder and Economic Analysis
Thanakvaro Thyl de Lopez
Preah Sihanouk "Ream" National Park is located in southwestern Cambodia, in the province of Kompong Som. The Park covers 21,000 hectares of terrestrial and marine habitats. Approximately 26,600 people live within the boundaries of the Park. Important stakeholders include local communities, commercial loggers and fishermen, park authorities, the Cambodian Ministry of Environment and tourists. The objectives of this study are two-fold: (1) to determine how the establishment or the destruction of the Park distributes benefits and costs among different stakeholders; and (2) to formulate strategies for the management of these stakeholders in order to achieve conservation goals. Five surveys were undertaken in the field to provide social, economic and ecological data for cost benefit- and stakeholder analyses. These included: a survey of 15% of households in local communities; three different contingent valuation surveys of tourists in Kompong Som and park visitors; and a forest inventory of the Park's mangroves.
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