From the national-bourgeois to the associated dependency interpretation of latin America
Bresser-Pereira, Luiz Carlos
In the 1960s and 1970s Latin America was the setting of modernizing militarycoups and of the transition of their intellectuals from nationalism to associated dependency.In the 1950s two groups of public intellectuals, organized around ECLAC, in Santiago, Chile,and ISEB, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, pioneer the thinking on Latin American societies andeconomies (including Brazilâ€™s) from a nationalist standpoint. ECLAC mainly criticized thelaw of comparative advantage and its underlying imperialist implications; ISEB focused onthe political definition of a national-developmentalist strategy. The idea of a nationalbourgeoisie was key to this interpretation of Latin America. The Cuban revolution, theeconomic crisis of the 1960s, and the military coups in the South Cone, however, made roomfor criticism of these ideas from a new interpretation â€“ the dependency one. By fully rejectingpossibility of a national bourgeoisie, two versions of the dependency interpretation (theâ€œassociatedâ€ and the â€œover-exploitationâ€ interpretations) also rejected the possibility of anational-development strategy. Only a third one, the â€œnational-dependentâ€ interpretation,continued to affirm the need for and possibility of a national bourgeoisie and a nationalstrategy. Yet, it was the associated-dependency interpretation that was dominant in LatinAmerica in the 1970s and 1980s.
In order to set up a list of libraries that you have access to,
you must first login
or sign up.
Then set up a personal list of libraries from your profile page by
clicking on your user name at the top right of any screen.