Assalto ao estado e ao mercado, neoliberalismo e teoria econÃ´mica
Bresser-Pereira, Luiz Carlos
State and market are complementary institutions. The state is the majorinstitution coordinating modern societies; it is the constitutional system and theorganizations guaranteeing it; it is the main instrument through which democraticsocieties have been changing capitalism so as to achieve their own agreed politicalobjectives. Markets are institutions based on competition which the state regulates sothat they contribute to the coordination of the economy. While liberalism emerged inthe 18th century to fight an autocratic state, since the 1980s neoliberalism (a majordistortion of economic liberalism) became dominant and mounted a political assault tothe state in the name of the market, but eventually also attacked the market.Neoclassical macroeconomics and public choice theory were the meta-ideologies thatgave to this assault a â€œscientificâ€ and mathematical allure.
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