English, Article, Journal or magazine article edition: Globalization and Employment: Imported Skill Biased Technological Change in Developing Countries Andrea Conte; Marco Vivarelli

User activity

Share to:
 
Bookmark: http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/782
Physical Description
  • preprint
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • Globalization and Employment: Imported Skill Biased Technological Change in Developing Countries
Author
  • Andrea Conte
  • Marco Vivarelli
Physical Description
  • preprint
Notes
  • This paper discusses the impact of the international transfer of embodied technological change on the employment evolution of skills in a sample of low and middle income countries (LMICs). A large body of literature has already underlined the occurrence of widening wage and employment differentials between skilled and unskilled workers in high-income countries (HICs) (Katz and Autor, 1999). Such empirical evidence is consistent with both trade- and technology-based explanations while these competing theoretical frameworks predict opposite effects on within- country inequality in LMICs. Recent analytical advancements have found convergent elements between these two lines of research, especially in the prediction of the employment impact of technology transfer. However, a systematic lack of data in LMICs still hampers empirical research on the determinants of the witnessed increase in inequality in these economies. This paper provides a direct measure of technology transfer from HICs, that is from those economies which have already experienced the occurrence of skillbiased technological change, to LMICs. GMM techniques are applied to an original panel dataset comprising 28 manufacturing sectors for 23 countries over a decade. Econometric results provide direct robust evidence of the absolute skill-bias effect of technology import in LMICs which, therefore, represents an important determinant of the growing divide between skilled and unskilled workers in these countries.
  • Skill Biased Technological Change, capital trade, GMM estimation, General Industrial Statistics, World Trade Analyzer
  • RePEc:jrp:jrpwrp:2007-009
  • This paper discusses the occurrence of Skill-Enhancing Technology Import (SETI), namely the relationship between imports of embodied technology and widening skill-based employment differentials in a sample of low and middle income countries (LMICs). In doing so, this paper provides a direct measure of technology transfer at the sector level from high income countries (HICs), namely those economies which have already experienced the occurrence of skill-biased technological change, to LMICs. GMM techniques are applied to an original panel dataset comprising 28 manufacturing sectors for 23 countries over a decade. Econometric results provide robust evidence of the determinants of widening employment differentials in LMICs. In particular, capital-skill complementarity represents a source of relative skill-bias while SETI provides an absolute skill-bias effect on the employment trends of skilled and unskilled workers witnessed in these countries.
  • skill biased technological change, capital skill complementarity, GMM estimation, general industrial statistics, world trade analyzer
  • RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2797
Language
  • English
Contributed by
OAIster

Get this edition

  • Set up My libraries

    How do I set up "My libraries"?

    In order to set up a list of libraries that you have access to, you must first login or sign up. Then set up a personal list of libraries from your profile page by clicking on your user name at the top right of any screen.

  • All (1)
  • Unknown (1)
None of your libraries hold this item.
None of your libraries hold this item.
None of your libraries hold this item.
None of your libraries hold this item.
None of your libraries hold this item.
None of your libraries hold this item.
None of your libraries hold this item.
None of your libraries hold this item.

User activity


e.g. test cricket, Perth (WA), "Parkes, Henry"

Separate different tags with a comma. To include a comma in your tag, surround the tag with double quotes.

Be the first to add a tag for this edition

Be the first to add this to a list

Comments and reviews

What are comments? Add a comment

No user comments or reviews for this version

Add a comment