English, Article, Journal or magazine article edition: Borders, Trade and Welfare James E. Anderson; Eric van Wincoop

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Bookmark: http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/73723
Physical Description
  • preprint
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • Borders, Trade and Welfare
Author
  • James E. Anderson
  • Eric van Wincoop
Physical Description
  • preprint
Notes
  • International economic integration yields large potential welfare effects, even in a static constant returns competitive world economy. Our method is novel. The effect of border barriers on trade flows is often inferred from gravity models. But their rather atheoretic structure precludes welfare analysis. Computable general equilibrium models are designed for tight welfare analysis, but lack econometric foundation. Our method combines these approaches. Gravity models based on Anderson's (1979) interpretation are full general equilibrium models of a special simple sort. In Anderson and van Wincoop (NBER WP 8079, 2001) we develop and estimate this structure, then calculate the comparative static effects on trade flows of border barriers. In this paper we further deploy the model to explore the comparative statics of welfare with respect to borders, to currency unions and to NAFTA. Our NAFTA exercise does a much better job of replicating the actual trade flow changes than do computable general equilibrium models. An interesting implication is that terms of trade changes are very important, even for small' countries such as Mexico.
  • RePEc:nbr:nberwo:8515
  • gravity, NAFTA, simulation models
  • RePEc:boc:bocoec:508
Language
  • English
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