Explaining settlement in Northern Ireland: power, perception and path dependence
This paper criticizes four typical explanations of settlement of internal conflicts, showing that they fail to give an adequate explanation of the 1998 settlement in Northern Ireland. Instead of inductively searching for recurrent proximate factors or proceeding deductively by applying general theoretical models to settlement processes, it suggests that it may be more fruitful to search for underlying path dependent processes which regulate how the factors highlighted in the other approaches function.
ethnic conflict, settlement processes, path dependence, Northern Ireland, Good Friday Agreement, temporality, power stalemate
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