Recent and prospective adoption of genetically modified cotton : a global computable general equilibrium analysis of economic impacts / Kym Anderson, Ernesto Valenzuela, Lee Ann Jackson Anderson, Kym; Valenzuela, Ernesto; Jackson, Lee Ann

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Anderson, Kym ; Valenzuela, Ernesto ; Jackson, Lee Ann
World Trade Organization; Cotton trade - Developing countries.; cotton
Copyright © 2008 by The University of Chicago. An earlier version is circulated as CEPR Discussion Paper 5568, London, March 2006 and as World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3917, Washington DC, May 2006 This article provides estimates of the economic impact of initial adoption of genetically modified (GM) cotton and of its potential impacts beyond the few countries where it is currently common. Use is made of the latest version of the GTAP database and model. Our results suggest that if other developing countries—especially in sub-Saharan Africa—were to follow the lead of China, South Africa, and most recently India, adoption of GM cotton varieties could provide even larger proportionate gains to farmer and national welfare than in those early-adopting countries. Furthermore, those estimated gains are shown to exceed—and reinforce—those from a successful campaign under the WTO's Doha Development Agenda to reduce/remove cotton subsidies and import tariffs globally.
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