English, Article, Journal or magazine article edition: Cumulative prospect theory and gambling David Peel; Michael Cain; D Law

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Bookmark: http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/59382
Physical Description
  • preprint
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • Cumulative prospect theory and gambling
Author
  • David Peel
  • Michael Cain
  • D Law
Physical Description
  • preprint
Notes
  • Whilst Cumulative Prospect theory (CPT) provides an explanation of gambling on longshots at actuarially unfair odds, it cannot explain why people might bet on more favoured outcomes. This paper shows that this is explicable if the degree of loss aversion experienced by the agent is reduced for small-stake gambles (as a proportion of wealth), and probability distortions are greater over losses than gains. If the utility or value function is assumed to be bounded, the degree of loss aversion assumed by Kahneman and Tversky leads to absurd predictions, reminiscent of those pointed out by Rabin (2000), of refusal to accept infinite gain bets at low probabilities. Boundedness of the value function in CPT implies that the indifference curve between expected-return and win-probability will typically exhibit both an asymptote (implying rejection of an infinite gain bet) and a minimum at low probabilities, as the shape of the value function dominates the probability weighting function. Also the high probability section of the indifference curve will exhibit a maximum. These implications are consistent with outcomes observed in gambling markets.
  • Cumulative prospect theory; exponential value function; gambling
  • RePEc:lan:wpaper:002459
Language
  • English
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