Human capital, product market power and economic growth
We build a generalised growth model of horizontal product innovation with human capital accumulation in which the monopolistic mark-up set in the uncompetitive sector and the degree of returns to specialization are disentangled. We find that product market power has a positive growth effect when durables are employed in the production of the homogeneous consumers good. Thus, in this case the model allows to replicate one of the main results of the neo-Schumpeterian growth theory within a framework where innovation is both horizontal and deterministic and economic growth is driven by private incentives to invest in education. We also find that not only the type of technology employed in the final output production, but also the intensity of the inter-sectoral competition for the same resource (human capital) affect both the steady state level of growth and the relationship between market power and economic development.
Human Capital, R&D, Product Market Power, Endogenous Growth
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