Work in utopia: Pro-work sentiments in the writings of four critics of classical economics
The paper examines the pro-work doctrines of four writers who were connected with the 'utopian' and 'romantic' critique of classical economics in the nineteenth century. These authors are Charles Fourier, Thomas Carlyle, John Ruskin, and William Morris. All four argued that the problem of work aversion stemmed from the existing institutions of capitalist society, and could be overcome by the creation of an alternative system of production. Their aim was to create a future society in which work could be experienced as a positive activity. The paper argues that the views of the aforementioned authors provided an important counterchallenge to the classical economists' conception of work as a disutility.
Work, utopia, Charles Fourier, Thomas Carlyle, John Ruskin, William Morris,
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