Diffusive behavior and the modeling of characteristic times in limit order executions
We present an empirical study of the first passage time (FPT) of order book prices needed to observe a prescribed price change Δ, the time to fill (TTF) for executed limit orders and the time to cancel (TTC) for canceled orders in a double auction market. We find that the distribution of all three quantities decays asymptotically as a power law, but that of FPT has significantly fatter tails than that of TTF. Thus a simple first passage time model cannot account for the observed TTF of limit orders. We propose that the origin of this difference is the presence of cancelations. We outline a simple model that assumes that prices are characterized by the empirically observed distribution of the first passage time and orders are canceled randomly with lifetimes that are asymptotically power law distributed with an exponent λLT. In spite of the simplifying assumptions of the model, the inclusion of cancelations is sufficient to account for the above observations and enables one to estimate characteristics of the cancelation strategies from empirical data.
Econophysics, Limit order market, Microstructure, First passage time, Censored data, Time to fill,
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