English, Article, Journal or magazine article edition: When Minority Labor Migrants Meet the Welfare State Bernt Bratsberg; Oddbjørn Raaum; Knut Røed

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Bookmark: http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/48074
Physical Description
  • preprint
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • When Minority Labor Migrants Meet the Welfare State
Author
  • Bernt Bratsberg
  • Oddbjørn Raaum
  • Knut Røed
Physical Description
  • preprint
Notes
  • We find that the lifecycle employment profiles of nonwestern male labor migrants who came to Norway in the early 1970s diverge significantly from those of native comparison persons. During the first years after arrival almost all of the immigrants worked and their employment rate exceeded that of natives. But, about ten years upon arrival, immigrant employment started a sharp and steady decline. By 2000, the immigrant employment rate was 50 percent, compared to 87 percent for the native comparison group. To some extent, the decline in immigrant employment can be explained by immigrants being overrepresented in jobs associated with short employment careers. But we also identify considerable disincentives embedded in the social security system that contribute to poor lifecycle employment performance of immigrants with many dependent family members. Finally, we uncover evidence that labor immigrants are particularly vulnerable to the state of the economy and face a high probability of permanent exit from employment during economic downturns.
  • labor migration, labor market outcomes
  • RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2872
  • The lifecycle employment profiles of minority labor migrants who came to Norway in the early 1970s diverge significantly from those of native comparison persons. During the early years, employment in the migrant group was nearly complete and exceeded that of natives. But, about ten years upon arrival, immigrant employment started a sharp and steady decline, and by 2000 their employment rate was 50 percent, compared to 87 percent for the native comparison group. We find that immigrant employment is particularly sensitive to the business cycle, and that the economic downturns of the 1980s and 1990s accelerated their exit from the labor market. We trace part of the decline to the migrants initially being overrepresented in shrinking industries and occupations. But we also identify considerable disincentives embedded in the social security system that contribute to poor lifecycle employment performance of immigrants with many dependent family members.
  • RePEc:crm:wpaper:0817
Language
  • English
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