As there is a strong relationship of disclosure regimes and corporate governance the internationally varying distribution of information rights can be interpreted as a function of different systems of corporate governance. A disclosure system comprises all legally recognized information claims that a system of corporate governance or a financial system furnishes financial contracting parties with: Both public disclosure and disclosure via private information channels may serve value-relevant information for suppliers of finance. An analysis within the framework of the New Institutional Economics brings about two findings: First, looking at the distribution of informational rights from a contractual perspective shows that the nexus of information rights formed by accounting and disclosure regulation and the distribution of power in the firm are mutually determining. For example, the main financing parties in Germany, banks and blockholders, have fairly good access to information via institutionalized internal information channels. Secondly, internationally accepted sets of accounting standards may improve the monitoring by markets. Nevertheless, accounting and disclosure regulation sometimes resemble a cookbook and should be transformed in a more principle-based and deductive system. Furthermore the whole institutional design of corporate governance should be based on realistic assumptions about human decision making to serve the intended purposes.
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