Science in Australian sport: its origins and challenges Pyke, F

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Pyke, F
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Sport Health
Sports; Science; Science/*history
One of the significant factors associated with Australia's improved performance in international sport during the past two decades has been the use made of science and technology in preparing athletes for competition. Its sport scientists have become widely regarded throughout the world for their work with high performance athletes and for the innovative technologies that they have developed. Science was first introduced to Australian sport back in the 1940s and 50s when Professor Frank Cotton from the Department of Physiology at the University of Sydney teamed up with fellow scientist and swimming coach, Forbes Carlile. Together they developed scientifically based training programs which were implemented by the coaches of several swimmers who went on to become Olympic champions at the 1956 Games in Melbourne. These included Dawn Fraser, Murray Rose and Jon Henricks. It was at Cotton's suggestion that Henricks made the successful transition from distance swimmer to sprinter and, in Melbourne, won the 100 metre freestyle and was a member of the winning 4 x 200 metre freestyle relay team. (author abstract)
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