National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme in Andhra Pradesh: Some Recent Evidence
This paper, a sequel to our earlier paper on Rajasthan, presents results on the participation of rural workers in the National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme based on a pilot survey of three villages in the Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh, India. These villages are Kaligiri, Obulayyapale and Reddivaripalle and were surveyed in December 2007. In contrast to Rajasthan, SC and ST participated in higher numbers in AP, but in both states these groups participated for slightly lower spells than the residual group of 'Others'. We find that AP performed better than Rajasthan in terms of targeting poorer caste and income groups such as SC, ST and landless households. The number of days worked on average was much higher than suggested by other assessments. Our econometric analysis further reinforces the view that not only disadvantaged groups are more likely to participate but also for longer spells. Thus the performance of the National Rural Employment Guarantee programme has been far from dismal.
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