English, Article, Journal or magazine article edition: Poverty, Undernutrition and Vulnerability in Rural India: Public Works versus Food Subsidy Katsushi S. Imai; Raghav Gaiha; Raghbendra Jha

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Physical Description
  • preprint
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • Poverty, Undernutrition and Vulnerability in Rural India: Public Works versus Food Subsidy
Author
  • Katsushi S. Imai
  • Raghav Gaiha
  • Raghbendra Jha
Physical Description
  • preprint
Notes
  • This paper analyses the effects of access to Rural Public Works (RPW) and Public Distribution System (PDS), a public food subsidy programme, on consumption poverty, vulnerability and undernutrition in India drawing upon the large household data sets constructed by National Sample Survey (NSS) data, 50th round in 1993-1994 and 61st round in 2004-2005. Treatment-effects model and Propensity Score Matching (PSM) model are used to take account of the sample selection bias in evaluating the effects of RPW or PDS on poverty. We have found significant and negative effects of the household participation in RPW and Food for Work Programmes on poverty, undernutrition (e.g. protein) and vulnerability in 1993 and 2004. On the contrary, poverty and undernutrition are significantly higher for the households with access to PDS than those without, whilst PDS has significant effects on reducing vulnerability of households in 1993 and 2004. We also applied the pseudo panel model which confirms that PDS decreased the vulnerability based on 80% of the poverty threshold. However, state-wise results of treatment effects model show considerable diversity of policy effects among different states.
  • RePEc:pas:asarcc:2008-08
  • This paper analyses the effects of access to Rural Public Works (RPW) and the Public Distribution System (PDS), a public food subsidy programme, on consumption poverty, vulnerability and undernutrition in India drawing, on the large household datasets constructed with National Sample Survey (NSS) data, 50th round in 1993-1994 and 61st round in 2004-2005. The treatment effects model and propensity score matching (PSM) model are used to take account of the sample selection bias in evaluating the effects of RPW or PDS on poverty.
  • NSS, national sample survey, poverty, undernutrition, vulnerability, Rural Public Works (RPW), Public Distribution System (PDS), poverty reduction policy, treatment effects model, Propensity Score Matching (PSM) model, India
  • RePEc:ess:wpaper:id:1907
Language
  • English
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