English, Article, Journal or magazine article edition: Optimal Oil Exploration under Climate Treaties Elin Berg; Snorre Kverndokk and Knut Einar Rosendahl

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Physical Description
  • preprint
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • Optimal Oil Exploration under Climate Treaties
Author
  • Elin Berg
  • Snorre Kverndokk and Knut Einar Rosendahl
Physical Description
  • preprint
Notes
  • In this paper we focus on how an international climate treaty will influence the exploration of oil in Non-OPEC countries. We present a numerical intertemporal global equilibrium model for the fossil fuel markets. The international oil market is modelled with a cartel (OPEC) and a competitive fringe on the supply side, following a Nash-Cournot approach. An initial resource base for oil is given in the Non-OPEC region. However, the resource base changes over time due to depletion, exploration and discovery. When studying the effects of different climate treaties on oil exploration, two contrasting incentives apply. If an international carbon tax is introduced, the producer price of oil will drop compared to the reference case. This gives an incentive to reduce oil production and exploration. However, the oil price may increase less rapidly over time, which gives an incentive to expedite production, and exploration. In fact, in the case of a rising carbon tax we find the last incentive to be the strongest, which means that an international climate treaty may increase oil exploration in Non-OPEC countries for the coming decades.
  • International Climate Treaties; Exhaustible Resources; Optimal Oil Exploration
  • RePEc:ssb:dispap:245
Language
  • English
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