BIMSTEC-Japan Trade Cooperation and Poverty in Asia
We review the literature on the relationship between trade policy reform and poverty, and recent approaches in the numerical simulation literature to estimating the impact of alternative trade reform scenarios. The GTAP model is then used to simulate the effect of the trade cooperation among the economies of BIMSTEC and Japan on aggregate welfare and poverty in the BIMSTEC member economies. As a case study, the results of the global model simulations are then used as an input to a more detailed model of simulation model of India, which identifies nine household groups classifed by their source of income and consumption pattern. Detailed estimates of the effect of trade reform at the household level are presented for India.
Trade reform, CGE, regional trading agreements, poverty, India, BIMSTEC
We present a numerical version of the factor proportions (Heckscher-Ohlin-Samuelson) model of production in a small economy, built in Excel. The model features the most common graphical devices used to explain the model properties. It differs from earlier work in that the solution is embedded in the sheet, making the use of the Solver add-in unnecessary. The equilibrium values and graphics respond instantly to changes in parameters/exogenous variables. The model can be used to demonstrate the Stolper-Samuelson and Rybczynski theorems, as well as other scenarios.
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