The Rate of Convergence to Perfect Competition of a Simple Matching and Bargaining Mechanism
Wong, Adam Chi Leung
We study the steady-state of a market with inflowing cohorts of buyers and sellers who are randomly matched pairwise and bargain under private information. Two bargaining protocols are considered: take-it-or-leave-it offering and the double auction. There are frictions due to costly search and time discounting, parameterized by a single number t > 0 proportional to the waiting time until the next meeting. We study the efficiency of these mechanisms as the frictions are removed, i.e. t 0. We find that all equilibria of the take-it-or-leave-it offering mechanism converge to the Walrasian limit, at the fastest possible rate O(t) among all bargaining mechanisms. For the double auction mechanism, we find that there are equilibria that converge at the linear rate, those that converge at a slower rate or even not converge at all.
Matching and Bargaining, Search, Double Auctions, Foundations for Perfect Competition, Rate of Convergence
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