2009-08-15, English, Article, Journal or magazine article edition: Institutions and the R&D of GM-crops. Kvakkestad, Valborg

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Physical Description
  • Magazine/​Journal article
Published
  • Elsevier B.V., 2009 August 15
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • Institutions and the R&​D of GM-crops.
Appears In
  • Ecological Economics, v.68, no.10, 2009 August 15, p.2688(8) (ISSN: 0921-8009)
Author
  • Kvakkestad, Valborg
Published
  • Elsevier B.V., 2009 August 15
Physical Description
  • Magazine/​Journal article
Subjects
Target Audience
  • Academic
Summary
  • To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http:/​/​dx.doi.org/​10.1016/​j.ecolecon.2009.05.004 Byline: Valborg Kvakkestad Keywords: GM-crops; Technology; Institutional shaping Abstract: This paper analyzes how different institutional structures shape the research and development (R&D) of genetically modified crops (GM-crops). Whether this R&D is conducted within companies, cooperatives or public research organizations (both publicly and privately funded R&D) is expected to influence the type of crops and traits that are developed and therefore the effects on society and ecosystems that potentially could follow from the use of GM-crops. This issue is analyzed empirically by statistical analysis of 1323 notifications for field trials with GM-crops that have been submitted under two EU Directives in seven European countries. The results show that the type of R&D organization influences the traits and crops that are developed. Companies are more likely to submit notifications that concern GM-crops that secure the potential for profit than are other types of R&D organizations, while R&D organizations that are purely publicly funded are more likely to submit notifications that only concern biosafety research than are cooperatives and companies. Consideration of the environment, food safety and food security might justify institutional reforms of R&D of GM-crops. This might include increased public funding combined with changes in intellectual property rights. Author Affiliation: Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Department of Economics and Resource Management, NO-1432 Aas, Norway Article History: Received 8 October 2008; Revised 3 April 2009; Accepted 6 May 2009
Terms of Use
  • COPYRIGHT 2009 Elsevier B.V.
Language
  • English
Database
  • Gale Academic OneFile
Identifier
  • 202490731

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Australian Museum. Australian Museum Research Library. Open to the public ECO/MAIN; Vol. 3, no. 1 - v. 12, no. 1; (1991-1995) Periodical; Journal, magazine, other English
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NSW Department of Industry. DTIRIS: Electronic Resources Library. Not open to the public V 1 1989- (Libraries: No ILL) Periodical; Journal, magazine, other English
Southern Cross University. University Library Lismore. Open to the public P333.705 6; v.1(1989)-v.53:nos.1-2,4(2005)-bound;v.54:no.1(2005:Jul.)-v.68:no.1-2(2008:Dec.)-loose., Electronic resource - Check catalogue for holdings Periodical; Journal, magazine, other English
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Monash University. Monash University Library. Open to the public 9911010101751; 574.505 E19; v. 5, no. 1 (Mar. 1992) to v. 27, no. 3 (Dec. 1998); OS; YOS-SER Periodical; Journal, magazine, other English
The University of Melbourne. The University Library. Open to the public Ba P 333.705 ECOL; v.5, no.1-v.35, no.3; Mar. 1992-Dec. 2000, Online access. Available for document delivery - restrictions apply. Periodical; Journal, magazine, other English
Victorian Government Library Service. Department of Environment and Primary Industries. Open to the public Electronic access via ScienceDirect : Vol. 1 (Feb 1989)-; Restrictions may apply Periodical; Journal, magazine, other English
Victoria University. Victoria University Library. Open to the public FTS PER 333.7 ECO; v.2,no.1-v.24,no.2/3; Apr.1990-Feb./Mar.1998 Periodical; Journal, magazine, other English
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