2009-03-01, English, Article, Report edition: Investing in early human development: Timing and economic efficiency.(Report) Doyle, Orla; Harmon, Colm P.; Heckman, James J.; ...

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Physical Description
  • Report
  • Magazine/​Journal article
Published
  • Elsevier B.V., 2009 March
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • Investing in early human development: Timing and economic efficiency.(Report)
Also Titled
  • Investing in early human development: Timing and economic efficiency.
Appears In
  • Economics and Human Biology, v.7, no.1, 2009 March, p.1(6) (ISSN: 1570-677X)
Author
  • Doyle, Orla
  • Harmon, Colm P.
  • Heckman, James J.
  • Tremblay, Richard E.
Published
  • Elsevier B.V., 2009 March
Physical Description
  • Report
  • Magazine/​Journal article
Subjects
Target Audience
  • Academic
Summary
  • To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http:/​/​dx.doi.org/​10.1016/​j.ehb.2009.01.002 Byline: Orla Doyle (a), Colm P. Harmon (b), James J. Heckman (c)(d), Richard E. Tremblay (e)(f) Keywords: Early childhood intervention; SES inequalities; Brain development Abstract: Policy discussions to ameliorate socioeconomic (SES) inequalities are increasingly focused on investments in early childhood. Yet such interventions are costly to implement, and clear evidence on the optimal time to intervene to yield a high economic and social return in the future is meagre. The majority of successful early childhood interventions start in the preschool years. However socioeconomic gradients in cognitive skills, socio-emotional functioning and health can be observed by age three, suggesting that preventative programmes starting earlier in childhood may be even more effective. We discuss the optimal timing of early childhood intervention with reference to recent research in developmental neuroscience. We motivate the need for early intervention by providing an overview of the impact of adverse risk factors during the antenatal and early childhood periods on outcomes later in life. We provide a brief review of the economic rationale for investing early in life and propose the "antenatal investment hypothesis". We conclude by discussing a suite of new European interventions that will inform this optimal timing debate. Author Affiliation: (a) UCD Geary Institute & UCD School of Public Health and Population Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland (b) UCD Geary Institute & UCD School of Economics, University College Dublin, Dublin 4, Ireland (c) Department of Economics, University of Chicago, 1126 East59th St., Chicago, IL 60637, USA (d) UCD Geary Institute, University College Dublin, Dublin 4, Ireland (e) UCD School of Public Health and Population Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin, Ireland (f) Universite de Montreal, GRIP, 3050 Edouard-Montpetit, Local A-210-2, Montreal, Quebec, H3T 1J7, Canada Article History: Received 9 December 2008; Revised 9 January 2009; Accepted 9 January 2009
Terms of Use
  • COPYRIGHT 2009 Elsevier B.V.
Language
  • English
Database
  • Gale Academic OneFile
Identifier
  • 350500328

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