English, Article, Journal or magazine article edition: The Role of the Structural Transformation in Aggregate Productivity Margarida Duarte; Diego Restuccia

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Physical Description
  • preprint
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • The Role of the Structural Transformation in Aggregate Productivity
Author
  • Margarida Duarte
  • Diego Restuccia
Physical Description
  • preprint
Notes
  • We investigate the role of sectoral differences in labor productivity in explaining the process of structural transformation - the secular reallocation of labor across sectors - and the time path of aggregate productivity across countries. Using a simple model of the structural transformation that is calibrated to the growth experience of the United States, we measure sectoral labor productivity differences across countries. Productivity differences between rich and poor countries are large in agriculture and services and smaller in manufacturing. Moreover, over time, productivity gaps have been substantially reduced in agriculture and industry but not nearly as much in services. In the model, these sectoral productivity patterns generate implications that are broadly consistent with the cross-country evidence on the structural transformation, aggregate productivity paths, and relative prices. We show that productivity catch-up in industry explains about 50 percent of the gains in aggregate productivity across countries, while low relative productivity in services and the lack of catch-up explains all the experiences of slowdown, stagnation, and decline observed across countries.
  • RePEc:tor:tecipa:tecipa-348
  • In this paper, we document the reallocation of employment over time between agriculture, manufacturing, and services (the process of structural transformation) and the growth rate of sectoral labor productivity across countries. We find that countries are going through a remarkably similar process of structural transformation, although with a substantial lag for some countries. We investigate whether sectoral differences in labor productivity can account for differences in the process of structural transformation and aggregate productivity across countries. We consider a model of the structural transformation and calibrate it to the experience of the United States. We use the model to measure sectoral labor productivity differences across countries and show that these differences are large and systematic both at a point in time and over time. In particular, labor productivity differences are large in agriculture and services and smaller in manufacturing. We show that the implied sectoral labor productivity differences help explain the process of structural transformation and aggregate productivity experiences across countries
  • Productivity, employment, sectors, countries.
  • RePEc:red:sed006:415
  • We investigate the role of sectoral differences in labor productivity and the process of structural transformation (the secular reallocation of labor across sectors) in accounting for the time path of aggregate productivity across countries. Using a simple model of the structural transformation that is calibrated to the growth experience of the United States, we measure sectoral labor productivity differences across countries. These differences are large and systematic: labor productivity differences between rich and poor countries are large in agriculture and services and smaller in manufacturing. When fed into the model, these sectoral labor productivity differences and the structural transformation they produce account for more than 50 percent of the fast catch-up in aggregate productivity observed in less developed economies and all of the stagnation and decline observed in more developed economies in recent decades.
  • labor productivity, structural transformation, sectoral productivity, employment, hours, cross-country data
  • RePEc:tor:tecipa:tecipa-300
Language
  • English
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