Purpose – Theological perspectives in ethics, values and their functional application in the real world are vividly covered by the theory and practice of Islamic banking in recent times. This paper seeks to formalize the theological paradigm of the unity of God (Tawhid) and to make the groundwork of unity of knowledge in the context of the money, finance and real economy linkages. Design/methodology/approach – The paper combines narrative with argument and analysis. Findings – On the basis of this the structure of the balance sheet of Islamic banks with no interest rate as an ethical condition of Islamic financing is delineated. This topic is followed by a discussion on the experience of Islamic banks in recent times in the area of mobilizing resources and gaining profitability, popularity and stability by the Islamic financing methods and the direct mobilizing of financial resources into the real economy. In this way, the Islamic banks are shown to attain the much-needed complementary relations between social well-being for clients and financial efficiency for the banks. Originality/value – Adds insights to the theory and practice of Islamic banking.
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