Pre-Soviet, Soviet and post-Soviet models of economic growth and development
Purpose – The purpose of this research paper is a theoretical understanding of the most general trends of Russian economic development during the country's pre-Soviet, Soviet and post-Soviet time frames. Design/methodology/approach – The objectives are designed in such a way as to include a historical aspect in the research. An attempt is made to grasp (rather cursorily) a logical internal progression in all stages of the Russian development for the last 150 years. In this, the paper shows no need for so-called great historical personalities to explain the great historical events. Findings – In the course of the work, it was found that Russia had experienced alternatively five different socioeconomic systems of: late mixed feudalism which was on its way to democratic mixed capitalism (the 1850s-October 1917); state feudalism which was pregnant with authoritarian mixed capitalism (1918-1921); authoritarian mixed capitalism in whose womb there was ripening totalitarian state capitalism (1921-1928); totalitarian state capitalism which was carrying within itself the seeds of authoritarian state capitalism (1928-1990); finally, authoritarian state capitalism which was moving toward authoritarian mixed capitalism (1991-present). Originality/value – The original value of the paper is in its fresh approach to the great events that have been taking place in Russia since the 1850s. The events have been analyzed not as they should be according or despite some theory but as they were and are. The paper, therefore, will be valuable to those who are interested in the socioeconomic development of Russia and who would like, one way or another, to attempt to predict the country's nearest future.
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