Cotas Tarifárias e o Impacto Sobre as Exportações Agrícolas Brasileiras na União Européia
The use of tariff-rate quotas as a protectionist device has not yet been quite well understood. There is a widespread understanding that the offer of an additional tariff quota will generate a growth in the volume exported equivalent to the extra amount yielded. However, this may not happen, due to the characteristics of the tariff-quota system. Given the demand curve for a certain product, only one of the three components of the tariff-quota mechanism is determinant in restraining imports: the volume of the quota, the in-quota or the extra-quota. In addition, the estimate of gains in the value exported must include the increase in the ?quota-rent? allowed by the additional quota. This paper aims to point out the importance of an accurate assessment of the effects of additional tariff quotas for some Brazilian agricultural exports. The study focuses on the case of the offer made by the European Union in the negotiations for a Mercosur-EU free trade agreement.
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