Taxation trends in the European Union: 2004 edition
The publication 'Structures of the taxation systems in the European Union' (Structures) presents time series of tax data from national accounts for the twenty-five Member States of the European Union and Norway. It provides a breakdown of taxes according to three different types of classification: by major type of tax (i.e. direct taxes, indirect taxes, social contributions), by levels of government (i.e. central-, state- and local government, social security funds and the European institutions), and by economic function (i.e. consumption, labour and capital). The breakdown of taxes by economic function and data on environmental taxes are so far only presented for the EU-15 Member States. The publication also includes implicit tax rates (ITRs) on consumption, labour and capital, which measure the effective average tax burden on different types of economic income or activity. ITRs express tax revenues that can be allocated to these economic categories as a percentage of the total potential tax base in the economy.
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