The Housing Conditions in Brazilian Urban Areas During the 1990s
Maria da Piedade Morais
The objective of this article is to characterize the housing conditions in Brazilian urbanareas during the 1990s, based upon housing and urban indicators derived from the1992-1999 IBGE National Household Surveys (PNAD) microdata. The paper intendsto be useful as a first attempt to systematize and analyze the available information onhousing in Brazil, as a cornerstone to discuss the major trends and problems of theBrazilian housing sector, in order to subsidize the formulation of public policies andprograms of housing and urban development. Section 2 discusses the maincharacteristics of housing that justify governmental intervention in housing markets.Section 3 depicts the housing conditions in Brazilian urban areas, emphasizing thehousing situation of the poor and other vulnerable groups. Section 4 analyzes the mainhousing problems in Brazil, such as slums formation, tenure insecurity and housing andurban infrastructure deficits. Finally, section 5 presents the conclusions and suggestionsfor a future research agenda on housing in Brazil, urging for better targeting andintegration between the housing policy and the macroeconomic and other sectorial andsocial policies of the government, at the federal, state and local levels.
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