Políticas de Inovação Tecnológica no Brasil: Experiência Recente e Perspectivas
This paper presents the Science, Technology and Innovation Policy in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and Brazil Countries, in the 90?s. There´s a general government? concern to stimulate research, development and innovation in entrepreneurial sector, beyond to incentive the cooperation. Brazil, inspirate in OECD? policies create several instruments diversifying the available mechanisms. It is unlikely to implement the Industrial Policy based on the old patterns, due to the new international commercial rules. The government, then, had searched new forms to incentive the economic development, with emphasis in innovation policies. Innovation is here understood as a broad concept including not only research and development but all the necessary activities to bring a new product or a new service to the market. This means that financing mechanisms have to attend to specific and different demands related to the innovation process. Each step and each activity will require a specific instrument. Moreover, it is necessary to assess the effectiveness of these instruments in terms of their actual capacity to foster innovation among firms in the context of the national system of innovation.
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