The Salamander Papers (1829-2000) consist of interview notes, news clippings, publications, investigative information, and other materials used by Linda Sillitoe and Allen Roberts in their book Salamander: The Story of the Mormon Forgery Murders, a book about the 1985 bombing deaths of two Salt Lake City residents.; Boxes 1-29 were donated in 1989-1990 (14.5 lin. ft.). Box 29, folder 21, was donated in 2002.; Biographical Sketch; I. DRAFTS AND MANUSCRIPTS; Pre-Salamander Titles and Outlines, by Sillitoe and Roberts; "Evil Come Home: The Mormon Document Murders," Outline and Chapter 1; "Making History: The Mormon Forgery Murders," Outline and Chapter 1; "Ask Me No Questions: The Mormon Forgery Murders," Proposal, Outline, and Chapters 1-6; Salamander Drafts; Agreement; Revisions; Memos; Outline; Uncorrected Manuscript, Chapter 2-19; Salamander Drafts; Draft, Chapters 1-19; George Throckmorton, Draft Materials for the Forensic Analysis Section; Salamander, Afterword; Gathering of Saints and Mormon Murders; Robert Lindsey, A Gathering of Saints, Bound Proof Copy; Steven Naifeh and Gregory White Smith, The Mormon Murders, pp. 1-50; The Mormon Murderss, pp. 51-408; II. MORMON BACKGROUND INFORMATION; Mormon History and Issues; Angels, Peepstones, and Gold Plates, Chapters 3-5, Appendix A; Leonard J. Anington, The Mormon Experience, pp. 8-13; Ivan J. Barrett, "Glad Tidings from Cumorah," Joseph Smith and the Restoration, Chapter 4; Gary Bergera, "Mormon History/Mormon Faith-A Personal Statement"; LaMar C. Berrett, "An Impressive Letter from the Pen of Joseph Smith" BYU Studies, no. 11; Christopher Bird, "The Divining Hand"; Blood Atonement; Fawn Brodie, No Man Knows My History, Chapters 2, 3, and Appendix A; M. Dangerfield, "Do you Teach the Orthodox Religion?" and Response by Allen Roberts; Jessie L. Embry, "Burden or Pleasure: A Profile of LDS Polygamous Husbands"; Kenneth W. Godfrey, "A New Look at the Alleged Little Known Discourse by Joseph Smith," BYU Studies, no.9; Howard W. Goodkind, "Lord Kingsborough Lost His Fortune Trying to Prove the Maya Were Descendants of the Ten Lost Tribes," Biblical Archaeology Review, September-October 1985, and Reader Responses From January-February 1986; Van Hale, "Critiquing the Anti-Mormon Model of the True Church"; John Heinerman and Anson Shupe, "Mark Hofmann and the Mormon Manuscript Bombings"; Donna Hill, Joseph Smith: The First Mormon, Chapters 3-5; Dean C. Jessee, "The John Taylor Nauvoo Journal," BYU Studies, no.23; Dean C. Jessee, "Joseph Knight's Recollection of Early Mormon History," BYU Studies, no.17; Paul Larsen, "The Chameleon and the Salamander"; Stan Larson, "The Sermon on the Mount: What Its Textual Transformation Discloses Concerning the Historicity of the Book of Mormon"; Wade Lillywhite, "An Approach to New Documentary Evidence About Joseph Smith"; Magic in Early Mormonism; H. Michael Marquardt, "The Early Story of the Coming Forth of the Book of Mormon"; Ray T. Matheny, "An Analysis of the Padilla Gold Plates," BYU Studies, no. 19; Brent Lee Metcalfe, "The Book of Abraham: An Exegetical Commentary"; Dale Morgan, "A Stone in a Hat"; Mormon History and Issues; Hugh Nibley, "Controlling the Past" and "Two Views of Church History"; Lynn Packer, "Let's Make a Deal," Utah Holiday; David A. Palmer, "A Survey of Pre-1830 Historical Sources Relating to the Book of Mormon," BYU Studies, no. 17; Spencer J. Palmer and William L. Knecht, "View of the Hebrews: Substitute for Inspiration?" BYU Studies, no.5; Robert Paul, "Joseph Smith and the Manchester (New York) Library," BYU Studies, no.22; Pearl of Great Price and "History of Joseph Smith," Photocopies of Excerpts; Paul Pry Jr., "New York Mormonism"; D. Michael Quinn, Early Mormonism and the Magic World View, Manuscript, Chapters 1-5; Michael Dennis Rhodes, "A Translation and Commentary of the Joseph Smith Hypocephalus," BYU Studies, no. 17; William Dean Russell, "The New Mormon-RLDS Dialogue," Saints Herald; William Dean Russell, "An Outdated Canonization Process"; Bill Schnoebelen, "Joseph Smith and the Temple of Doom"; George D. Smith, "Concepts of Deity"; George D. Smith, "Contemporary Antecedents of a New Religion"; Mark A. Taylor, "Sin and Death in Mormon Country," Hustler; Mark D. Thomas, "Lehi's Plan of Salvation Discourse in Its Nineteenth Century Theological Setting"; Wally Tope, "Document Discoveries Shake Mormon Foundations," Forward; Dan Vogel, "Historical Criticism and the Historicity of the Book of Mormon"; Lyman Walter(s), Background Information; Wesley P. Walters, "Joseph Smith's Bainbridge, N.Y. Court Trials"; "Witnesses to the Foundation Stones of Mormonism"; Robert J. Woodford, "Section 20 of the Doctrine and Covenants"; L. Frederick Zaman III, "Science: Its Divine Origin and Destiny"; Miscellaneous Writings on the Origins of Mormonism; Vernal Holley, Book of Mormon Authorship: A Closer Look; Spencer J. Palmer, The Expanding Church; Allen Roberts, Review of Ed Decker's, The Godmakers; Robert F. Smith, Oracles and Talismans, Forgery and Pansophia: Joseph Smith, Jr., as a Renaissance Magus; Irving Wallace, The Word, a Novel; E. D. Howe, Mormonism Unvailed; Jerald and Sandra Tanner Publications; "Joseph Smith and Money Digging," The Changing World of Mormonism, Chapter 4; Salt Lake City Messenger; Clayton's Secret Writings Uncovered; John Whitmer's History; Did Spalding [sic] Write the Book of Mormon?; Mormonism, Magic and Masonry; Mormonism--Shadow or Reality?; III. FORGERY BACKGROUND INFORMATION; Criminal Psychology Articles; Stanley Abrams, A Polygraph Handbook for Attorneyss, Chapters 6-8; Curt R. Bartol, Criminal Behavior: A Psychological Approach, Chapter 8; Wayne Biddle, "The Truth About Lie Detectors: The Deception of Detection," Discover; Walter Bromberg, Crime and the Mind, Chapters 5, 8, and 12; Clinard and Meier, Sociology of Deviant Behavior, 5th ed., Chapter 7; Danto, Bruhns, and Kutscher, The Human Side of Homicide, Chapters 1-2, 4-5, 17-19; Ellis and Gullo, Murder and Assassination, Chapters 4-6; Hepworth and Turner, Confession--Studies in Deviance and Religion, Chapter 6; Lykken, "Fearlessness--Its Carefree Charm and Deadly Risks," Psychology Today; Reid and Inbau, Truth and Deception; Lykken, A Tremor in the Blood, Table of Contents; Revitch and Schlesinger, Psychopathology of Homicide, Chapters 1-3, 4, 6-8; Ralph Welsh, "Spanking: A Grand Old American Tradition?" Children Today, January-February 1985, and "Severe Parental Punishment and Delinquency," Journal of Clinical Psychology, Spring 1976; Marvin E. Wolfgang, Studies in Homicide, pp. 1-29, 72-280; Forgery Background Information; Billy Prior Bates, Identification System for Questioned Documents; Mary A. Benjamin, Autographs: A Key to Collecting; Charles Hamilton, Collecting Autographs and Manuscripts; Charles Hamilton, Great Forgers and Famous Fakes, Chapters 1-20; Curtis D. MacDougall, Hoaxes; Kenneth W. Rendell, The Detection of Forgeries; D. B. Wardle, Document Repair; Hofmann Documents, A-S; Americana Documents, Miscellaneous; Anthon Transcript; Bath Plates; Book of Mormon Manuscript Pages; Jim Bridger Notes; Bullock Collection; Oliver Cowdery History; Deseret Currency Notes, Photocopies of Forged Notes; E. B. Grandin Contract; Nathan Harris' Book of Common Prayer; Harris to Conrad, Letter; Haunted Man; Kinderhook Plates; Lawrence Sisters; Jack London, Call of the Wild; Lost 116 Pages of the Book of Mormon; McLellin Collection; Miscellaneous Documents; Money-Digging Contract; Oath Of A Freeman; Salamander Letter; Hofmann Forgeries, S-W; Salamander Letter; Second Anointing; Joseph Smith Bainbridge Trials; Joseph Smith to Emma Smith; Joseph Smith to General Dunham Letter; Joseph Smith to Hyrum Smith Letter; Joseph Smith Sr. Blessing; Joseph Smith III Blessing; Lucy Mack Smith Letter; Spaulding/Rigdon Bill of Sale; Spanish Fork Co-op Valley Notes; Josiah Stowell Letter; Temple Lot Suit; David Whitmer to Walter Conrad Letter; David and Peter Whitmer to Bithell Todd Letter; Document Lists and Timelines; Summary of Hofmann Interview Notes Regarding Documents; IV. NEWSCLIPPINGS AND INTERVIEWS; Local and National Newsclippings on Bombings and Documents; Local Press; Local Press; National Press; National Press; Relevant Deseret News Clippings, Spiral Bound; Cartoons; Interview Notes, A-C; Alder to Crawley, Interview Notes; Interview Notes, D-J; Dahling to Judd, Interview Notes; Interview Notes, K-Q; Kaufman to Quinn, Interview Notes; Interview Notes, R-S; Rathbone to Swensen, Interview Notes; Interview Notes, T-Z; Tanner to Zellner, Interview Notes; Interview Notes; Interview Notes, "Bombings," Notebook 1-13; Interview Notes; Interview Notes; Interview Notes; Interview Notes, "Prior to Preliminary Hearing"; Interview Notes, "Preliminary Hearing"; Interview Notes; Interview Notes; Notes, Symposium; Interview Notes; Interview Notes; Interview Notes; Interview Notes; Interview Notes, Questions and Notes; Interview Notes, Mormon History Association Meeting; Notes on Various Subjects, Interview Lists; Hofmann Family; Hofmann/Sears Family; Mark Hofmann Childhood; Mark Hofmann Mission; Mark Hofmann at Utah State University; Mark Hofmann Document Business; McLellin Collection; Mark Hofmann in Prison; Notes-Panels and Discussions; Coordinated Financial Services; Kathy Sheets; Notes, Sunstone Symposium; Index of Initials and Names; Interview information, Catalog of Anecdotes; Interview Lists; Miscellaneous Materials; Hofmann, To Do Lists; Miscellaneous Correspondence; Research Notes; Allen Roberts, Notes; Satire; Coordinated Financial Services; LDS Church, Press Releases, Memos, etc.; Steven F. Christensen; Kathleen Sheets; Mark Hofmann, Correspondence; Mark Hofmann, Family; Mark Hofmann, Financial; Mark Hofmann, Investigative Information, Time Lines; Mark Hofmann, Miscellaneous; Mark Hofmann, School and Mission; Timeline; Timeline; Timeline; Timeline; Timeline; Timeline; Timeline; V. POST-BOMBING MATERIALS; Court and Legal Material; Board of Pardons; Complaints (suits) Against Mark Hofmann; City Attorney to LDS Church and Salt Lake Tribune, Correspondence; Defense Motions; Hearing Concerning Nurse's Testimony; Hofmann Documents in Court; Hofmann Trial Photos (photocopies); Wade Lillywhite Case Information; Plea Agreement; Plea Bargain Hearing; Police Investigative Information; Preliminary Hearing, County Attorney's Office Charges; Preliminary Hearing, Court Notes, Stipulations; Preliminary Hearing, Court Rules; Preliminary Hearing, Evidence; Preliminary Hearing, Minor Witnesses; Preliminary Hearing, Physical Evidence Lists; Press Conferences, County Attorney's Office; Ron Yengich (defense), Miscellaneous; Bound Transcripts of Hearing Before Dean Conder Concerning Nurse's Testimony; Hofmann Confessions, etc.; Alvin Rust, Mormon and Utah Coin and Currency; Hofmann's Confessions, Volume 1-2; The Investigation of the 1985 Mark Hofmann Forgery of the 'Oath of a Freeman'; Henry F. Campbell, Hofmann Mormon Money Forgeries--Historical Aspects; Hofmann Interviews, Vols. 1 and 2; Mark Hofmann Interviews, Volume 1-2, County Attorney's Office, Transcripts, Supplements and Exhibits; Post-Salamander Articles, Symposium Notes; Allen Roberts, "The Truth is the Most Important Thing: The New Mormon History according to Mark Hofmann"; Allen Roberts, "When the Dealing's Done," Utah Holiday, no.7; Utah Holiday, Article Notes; "Reflections on the 'New' Old Mormon Documents"; Miscellaneous Notes by Allen Roberts; Seerstone Related Notes; Mormon History Association, Newsletters; Linda Sillitoe, "Sunstone Symposium: The Mormon Documents' Day in Court"; BYU Symposium Materials; BYU Hofmann Symposium Transcripts, Part 1-3; Book-Related Materials; Salamander, Brochures and Miscellany; Salamander, Based Speeches; Salamander, Publicity Schedules and Speech Announcements; Salamander, Reviews; Articles on Movies and Miniseries, "Of Saints and Salamanders" Concept and Proposal; Allen Roberts, Correspondence; Allen Roberts, Financial Papers; Linda Sillitoe, Travel and Interview Schedules; Linda Sillitoe, Speech Transcripts; Linda Sillitoe, Materials Regarding Speaking Engagements; Linda Sillitoe, Correspondence; Linda Sillitoe, Correspondence; Linda Sillitoc, Mark Hofmann Investigations After Salamander; Miscellaneous Book Listings; Correspondence, Linda Sillitoe; Brent Ashworth, Document Copies; This section of the collection contains proposals, early titles, drafts, suggested revisions, and completed manuscripts of Linda Sillitoe and Allen Roberts' book, Salamander: The Story of the Mormon Forgery Murders. A bound manuscript of Robert Lindsey's A Gathering of Saints and photocopies of Steven Naifeh and Gregory Smith's The Mormon Murders complete this section. These materials represent the three major books written on the bombings. In addition to providing a better understanding of the bombings, these papers supply an interesting view of diverse approaches to, and perceptions of, the surrounding events.; The materials in this folder represent a chapter of the book that was added after the publication of the first edition.; This second section contains photocopies of articles and other papers which provide background information on Mormon history and issues. Since Mormonism is tied closely to the events surrounding the bombings and the lives of the people involved, an understanding of the culture makes them more comprehensible. Most of this part of the collection consists of writings by various authors on the origin, history, and doctrine of the Mormon church. The authors are diverse in beliefs and perceptions. Materials in this section provide highly subjective views. Articles in boxes 5 and 6 are filed alphabetically by author, or, in a few instances, title or subject, depending on the information available. Some of the issues addressed in the articles found in boxes 5 and 6 include blood atonement, polygamy, the Book of Mormon, and magic in Mormon history. Box 7, which holds materials relating specifically to the origins of the Mormon church, is arranged alphabetically by title.; It has been speculated that this book, which tells the story of a forged "Gospel of James," deeply influenced Hofmann as a young man.; Incomplete.; The third section consists of papers collected by Sillitoe and Roberts which relate to criminal activities. Information on polygraph tests, homicide, forgery, and parenting styles and religion as they relate to crime is provided. Box 9 is a general collection of criminal psychology articles, box 10 contains books and articles relating specifically to forgery, and boxes 11 and 12 contain copies of Mark Hofmann's own forgeries, as well as information from many sources relating to the documents with which he dealt. Folder 16 in box 12 may be of particular interest, as it includes papers which provide a detailed overview of Hofmann's work as a forger. As was the case in section II, box 9 contains papers which present subjective views on these topics.; Also included in this folder is a copy of an article which addresses the possible influence of Hamilton's book on Mark Hofmann.; Includes, among other papers, Hofmann's own description of "finding" the transcript, attempts by scholars to interpret the document, and articles written about the document both before and after it was exposed as a forgery.; A letter purported to be written by Thomas Bullock, personal clerk to Joseph Smith, Jr. Historically significant because it appears that Bullock had written the letter as a refusal to Brigham Young to turn the Joseph Smith III blessing over to him. As such, this letter provided support for the forged blessing.; Press releases, articles, and correspondence regarding this controversial collection. Most of these papers, which were written in 1985, address the issue of whether or not a Cowdery history exists. It is in the possession of the Mormon Church.; A Martin Harris signature was forged in the back of this book by Mark Hofmann. The alteration served to increase the value of the book. Because Martin Harris signatures are very rare, it also added further "proof" of the authenticity of the Salamander letter, by providing another signature with which to compare the one on the Salamander letter.; A handwritten Charles Dickens manuscript. Hofmann received money from a number of investors for its purchase.; It is suspected that Hofmann was going to attempt a forgery of this document. The financial potential for Hofmann, as well as the impact on Mormonism, of such a forgery would have far surpassed that of any of his previous documents.; Press releases, copies of McLellin materials, and articles. Dealings with this collection eventually led to the bombings. These papers, which were located in Texas by investigators shortly after the bombings, were not as significant as Hofmann had claimed.; Includes copies of a number of suspected forgeries.; Photocopies and typed text, numerous articles on Martin Harris, money digging, and the letter, theories and speculations about the implications of the letter made when it was considered authentic, press releases, etc.; Information on trials which were related to money digging and magic.; A blessing on Joseph Smith III given by his grandfather Joseph Smith Sr.; A blessing on Joseph Smith III given by his father Joseph Smith Jr. outlining his right to succeed his father as prophet of the LDS church. This document was especially important to the RLDS church, and received media attention. This folder includes press releases, articles, and copies of the blessing.; A "careless" forgery, probably intended to link Sidney Rigdon with Solomon Spaulding. The materials located in box 7, folder 1 of this collection provide more information on the potential significance of this link. While the Bill of Sale itself is authentic, Rigdon's signature was added and the date was changed by Hofmann. However, because the new date was a number of years after the death of Spaulding, the document was recognized as a forgery.; This folder includes: LDS Church lists of documents from Hofmann, including notations of suspected and charged forgeries; documents organized according to whether they are supportive or not supportive of orthodox LDS views, suggestive of Hofmann's purpose in forging them; full lists of charged documents; documents listed with full information on the date of appearance, to whom they were sold and for how much, provenance as given by Hofmann, and historical significance; lists of newspaper articles that provide information on the documents; a chronology of the documents, and a list of questioned imprints from the Antiquarian Booksellers' Association of America, Inc.; The fourth section (boxes 13-24) includes local and national press coverage of the documents and bombings, and notes from information-gathering interviews done by the authors. Much of the interview information is sensitive, and all reports reflect the subjective realities of those being interviewed. Interview notes in boxes 14-22 are organized alphabetically and chronologically, according to the systems used by each of the authors. Box 23 contains notes on specific subjects. However, there is overlap as many of the notes in the other boxes also relate to these subjects. Box 24 includes investigative information other than interview notes. Correspondence, press releases, financial and school related information, and time lines of events in the lives of Mark Hofmann, Steven Christensen, and Kathy Sheets are contained in this box.; Includes Hofmann's lists of Mormon manuscripts he offered for sale through his mail-order business; lists of items found in searches of Hofmann's house and of vector phone calls made from his car; lists of possible bombers other than Hofmann; information regarding activities of Hofmann and Lyn Jacobs in relation to University of Utah Marriott Library materials.; Chronology of events in the lives of some of the people directly involved in the bombings; Boxes 25-29 contain materials relating to events that happened after the bombings. Papers on Hofmann's preliminary trial, plea bargain, hearing before the Board of Pardons, and police investigative information are included in box 25. Boxes 26 and 27 contain the bound manuscripts of Hofmann's interviews with prosecutors, as well as other materials relating to his forging of money and of the "Oath of a Freeman." Box 28 includes articles written by Allen Roberts, a paper presented at a Sunstone symposium by Linda Sillitoc, and transcripts of a symposium held at Brigham Young University. Box 29 contains materials related to the book itself, correspondence, and book listings.; A number of the items listed in this book are Mark Hofmann forgeries. See pp. 3, 34, 38, 48-51, 152-55.
Photographs and audio-visual materials were transferred to the Multimedia Division of Special Collections (P0434 and A0240).
Twenty-four hours advance notice encouraged. Access to parts of this collection may be restricted under provisions of state or federal law.
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