Modelo de Localização Industrial para o Planejamento de um Pólo de Alta Tecnologia
Daniel Oliveira Cajueiro
Alexandre X. de Carvalho
Gustavo Amaral Ferreira de Melo
Rodrigo Fontes Souto
Thyago Antônio de Moraes
This paper introduces a new location model, which the main difference from mostalready presented in the literature is the explicit modeling of the synergy amongactivities of an industrial cluster. This model is introduced to study a real problem ofcompany allocation in a region located between Brasília and Goiânia. As mostlocation models, this model is formulated as a problem of binary programming withthe same computational difficulties presented in usual combinatory optimizationproblems. It is a NP-Hard problem and, actually, very difficult to be solved by exactalgorithms. Moreover, this model presents an explicit nonlinearity inside the costfunction and also a set of dynamic constraints (constraints that change depending onthe chosen test solution) not allowing that the recent developments in binary linearprogramming can be used. Thus, we propose a heuristic solution based onevolutionary computation to deal with this problem. Finally, a careful analysis showsthe practical appealing of the found solution.
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