2009-04-01, English, Article, Journal or magazine article edition: Preparation of Solid Alkaline Fuel Cell Binders Based on Fluorinated Poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride)s [Poly(DADMAC)] or Poly(chlorotrifluoroethylene-co-DADMAC) Copolymers Valade, David; Boschet, Frédéric; Roualdès, Stéphanie; ...

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Bookmark: http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/170342907
Physical Description
  • journal article
Published
  • John Wiley &​ Sons, 2009-04-01
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • Preparation of Solid Alkaline Fuel Cell Binders Based on Fluorinated Poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride)s [Poly(DADMAC)] or Poly(chlorotrifluoroethylene-co-DADMAC) Copolymers
Author
  • Valade, David
  • Boschet, Frédéric
  • Roualdès, Stéphanie
  • Ameduri, Bruno
Published
  • John Wiley &​ Sons, 2009-04-01
Physical Description
  • journal article
Subjects
Summary
  • A membrane or an electrode binder to be used in a solid alkaline fuel cell (SAFC) needs to (i) be insoluble in both aqueous solutions and the required fuels, and (ii) exhibit an hydroxide ion conductivity. To achieve these goals, two pathways were employed: (i) one consists of the radical copolymerization of diallyldimethylam-monium chloride (DADMAC) with chlorotrifluoroethylene (CTFE) while (ii) the other one is based on the counter-ion exchange of a poly(DADMAC) by fluorinated anions. First, the radical copolymerization of CTFE with DADMAC under various experimental conditions was achieved in yields up to 85%, and DADMAC percentages in the copolymers were higher than those in the feed compositions. To obtain insoluble copolymers, high CTFE feed contents (>70 mol %) were required. The other route consisting in the partial replacement of the Cl- counter-ions in the water-soluble poly(DADMAC) by bistrifluoromethanesulfonimide (TFSI-) did confer the starting material insolubility in water while maintaining its conductivity. When the fluorinated poly(DADMAC) was obtained from concentrated solutions of fluorinated surfactant, it was observed that the amount of counter-ions exchanged was difficult to control, which limits optimization. Nevertheless, under diluted conditions, membranes with ion exchange capacity up to 0.7 meq g-1, and conductivities close to 1 mS cm-1 were obtained. Although their conductivities were low, these membranes fulfill the requirements for a SAFC membrane in terms of solubility in DMSO, water insolubility, and thermal stability (Td 10% > 320 °C). When used in a fuel cell, as a binder in the membrane-electrode assembly (MEA), significant improvements were noted (+50% of the open circuit voltage, +580% in current density, and +540% in accessible power).
Language
  • English
Related Resource
Identifier
  • oai:espace.library.uq.edu.au:UQ:233806

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