A commodity is shared between some individuals: There is an initial allocation; some selection procedures are used to choose an alternative allocation and; individuals decide between keeping the initial allocation or shifting to the alternative allocation. The selection procedures are supposed to involve an element of randomness in order to reflect uncertainty about economic, social and political processes. It is shown that for every allocation, 8 , there exists a number, . (8) 0 "0,1› such that, if the number of individuals tends to infinity, then the probability that a proportion of the population smaller (resp. larger) than . (8) prefers an allocation chosen by the selection procedure converges to 1 (resp. 0). The index . (8) yields a complete order in the set of Pareto optimal allocations. Illustrations and interpretations of the selection procedures are provided.
A commodity is shared between some individuals; some selection procedure is used to choose allocations. In order to reflect that laws and rules rather than allocations are implemented and that they involve an element of randomness because of incomplete information, selection procedures are taken to be probability measures over the set of allocations. Illustrations and interpretations of the selection procedures are given.
In order to set up a list of libraries that you have access to,
you must first login
or sign up.
Then set up a personal list of libraries from your profile page by
clicking on your user name at the top right of any screen.