Rates of return on U.S. farm investments, 1940-2003: a comparison of imputed returns versus residual income approaches
Charles B. Moss
Ashok K. Mishra
Kenneth W. Erickson
The rate of return on farm assets is a key indicator of the profitability of farm sector investments. The residual income approach is most commonly used to estimate the returns to farm assets, farmland, and labor and management. However this approach may be sensitive to the underlying assumptions. This study examines the implications of the residual return assumption by using alternative formulations for computing the rate of return to farm assets. Specifically, we develop the rate of return on agricultural assets using an alternative imputation method. We demonstrate that the presence of multiple quasi-fixed factors implies the rate of return to farm assets may be understated by the residual income approach.
Imputation method, Quasi-fixity, Residual income approach, Returns to farm assets
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