English, Article, Journal or magazine article edition: Child Labor, Urban Proximity, and Household Composition Marcel Fafchamps; Jackline Wahba

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Bookmark: http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/21216
Physical Description
  • preprint
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • Child Labor, Urban Proximity and Household Composition
Author
  • Marcel Fafchamps
  • Jackline Wahba
Physical Description
  • preprint
Notes
  • Using detailed survey data from Nepal, this paper examines the determinants of child labor with a special emphasis on urban proximity. We find that children residing in or near urban centers attend school more and work less in total but are more likely to be involved in wage work or in a small business. The larger the urban center, the stronger the effect is. Urban proximity is found to reduce the workload of children and improve school attendance up to 3 hours of travel time from the city. In areas of commercialized agriculture located 5 to 8 hours from the city, children do more farm work. Children unrelated or loosely related to the household head work more, especially in market work and household chores, and are less likely to attend school. This is especially true of child servants, a small group who appear particularly at risk.
  • Child Labor, Geographical Isolation, Altruism, Education
  • RePEc:oxf:wpaper:213
  • Using detailed survey data from Nepal, this paper examines the determinants of child labor with a special emphasis on urban proximity. We find that children residing in or near urban centers attend school more and work less in total but are more likely to be involved in wage work or in a small business. The larger the urban center, the stronger the effect is. Urban proximity is found to reduce the workload of children and improve school attendance up to 3 hours of travel time from the city. In areas of commercialized agriculture located 3 to 7 hours from the city, children do more farm work. Urban proximity effects are accounted for by a combination of local labor supply and demand conditions, most notably the local importance of agriculture, the education level of the parents, and the local wage rate. Child servants, which represent a small proportion of all children, work much harder than other children and appear particularly at risk.
  • child labour, Nepal, child schooling, urban proximity
  • RePEc:iza:izadps:dp1966
Language
  • English
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