Aims The distribution of myocardial strain values can be visualized by colour-coded strain images. We examined for the first time if this strain-mapping function can be used to study the extent of prior myocardial infarction. Methods and results Echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging with delayed contrast enhancement were performed in 26 patients with chronic myocardial infarction. Two-dimensional strain images of the left ventricle were obtained in all standard apical views. Myocardial segments ( n = 416) were assigned a score ranging from one to four based on the strain-coded colour of the segment, with higher scores representing worse myocardial function. Strain-mapping scores and quantitative strain values averaged, respectively, 1.3 ± 0.6 and −16.4 ± 7.6% in segments without infarction, 1.7 ± 1.0 and −15.0 ± 8.6% in non-transmural infarctions, and 2.8 ± 1.2 and −6.5 ± 8.6% in transmural infarctions. Strain-mapping had a sensitivity of 60% and a specificity of 95% in detecting segments with transmural myocardial infarction. Corresponding values for echocardiographic wall motion analysis were 50 and 96%. Strain-mapping was possible in 80% of the segments and inter-observer agreement was substantial (κ = 0.63). Conclusion Strain-mapping is a clinically applicable method for the assessment of regional myocardial function in post-myocardial infarction patients. Strain-mapping has reasonable feasibility and is more sensitive in detecting infarction damage than routine wall motion analysis.
Copyright (C) 2008, European Society of Cardiology
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