In two experiments performed with 20-30 MeV/u highly charged heavy ions (Pb56+, U91+) channeled through thin silicon crystals, we observed the original features of superdensity, associated to the glancing collisions with atomic rows undergone by part of the incident projectiles. In particular the very high collision rate yields a quite specific charge exchange regime, that leads to a higher ionization probability than in random conditions. X-ray measurements show that electrons captured in outershells are prevented from being stabilized, which enhances the lifetime of the projectile innershell vacancies. The charge state distributions and the energy loss spectra are compared to Monte-Carlo simulations. These simulations confirm, extend and illustrate the qualitative analysis of the experimental results.
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