2014-05-27, English, Article, Journal or magazine article edition: Gait Biomechanics of Individuals with Transtibial Amputation: Effect of Suspension System.(Research Article) Eshraghi, Arezoo; Abu Osman, Noor Azuan; Karimi, Mohammad; ...

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Physical Description
  • 7179 words
  • Magazine/​Journal article
Published
  • Public Library of Science, 2014 May 27
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • Gait Biomechanics of Individuals with Transtibial Amputation: Effect of Suspension System.(Research Article)
Also Titled
  • Gait Biomechanics of Individuals with Transtibial Amputation: Effect of Suspension System.
Appears In
  • PLoS ONE, v.9, no.5, 2014 May 27 (ISSN: 1932-6203)
Author
  • Eshraghi, Arezoo
  • Abu Osman, Noor Azuan
  • Karimi, Mohammad
  • Gholizadeh, Hossein
  • Soodmand, Ehsan
  • Abas, Wan Abu Bakar Wan
Published
  • Public Library of Science, 2014 May 27
Physical Description
  • 7179 words
  • Magazine/​Journal article
Subjects
Target Audience
  • Academic
Summary
  • Prosthetic suspension system is an important component of lower limb prostheses. Suspension efficiency can be best evaluated during one of the vital activities of daily living, i.e. walking. A new magnetic prosthetic suspension system has been developed, but its effects on gait biomechanics have not been studied. This study aimed to explore the effect of suspension type on kinetic and kinematic gait parameters during level walking with the new suspension system as well as two other commonly used systems (the Seal-In and pin/​lock). Thirteen persons with transtibial amputation participated in this study. A Vicon motion system (six cameras, two force platforms) was utilized to obtain gait kinetic and kinematic variables, as well as pistoning within the prosthetic socket. The gait deviation index was also calculated based on the kinematic data. The findings indicated significant difference in the pistoning values among the three suspension systems. The Seal-In system resulted in the least pistoning compared with the other two systems. Several kinetic and kinematic variables were also affected by the suspension type. The ground reaction force data showed that lower load was applied to the limb joints with the magnetic suspension system compared with the pin/​lock suspension. The gait deviation index showed significant deviation from the normal with all the systems, but the systems did not differ significantly. Main significant effects of the suspension type were seen in the GRF (vertical and fore-aft), knee and ankle angles. The new magnetic suspension system showed comparable effects in the remaining kinetic and kinematic gait parameters to the other studied systems. This study may have implications on the selection of suspension systems for transtibial prostheses. Trial Registration Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials IRCT2013061813706N1.
Terms of Use
  • COPYRIGHT 2014 Public Library of Science
Language
  • English
Database
  • Gale Academic OneFile
Identifier
  • 417793893
  • 10.1371/​journal.pone.0096988

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