The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether hydrosalpingeal fluid (HSF) is toxic to the mouse embryo as assessed by the blastocyst development rate (BDR) and by cell counting in vitro . HSF was collected from nine patients undergoing salpingoneostomy to correct hydrosalpinx. Two-cell embryos were obtained from superovulated ICR mice. T6 medium and T6 + 0.4% bovine serum albumin (BSA) were used as control media. T6 medium containing 10% or 50% HSF and 100% HSF from each patient were used as test media. Nine to 15 embryos were cultured in microdrops prepared from each of these media. The BDR was examined after 72 h of culture in these media. To assess the total cell number within each blastocyst, the blastocysts were fixed and stained with Hoechst 33342 to facilitate cell counting. The BDR was affected adversely only by 100% HSF and not in media containing 10% or 50% HSF. The mean BDR using T6 medium and T6 + BSA were 88.7% and 85.3%, respectively. The mean BDR using media containing 10% HSF or 50% HSF were 90.0% and 89.4%, respectively. Mean BDR using 100% HSF was 75.2% ( P < 0.05). The overall mean cell counts (± SEM) using T6 medium and T6 + BSA were 86.9 ± 3.2 and 91.0 ± 3.8 respectively. Mean cells counts were decreased significantly only in blastocysts cultured in 100% HSF (63.3 ± 4.6; P < 0.01) but not in blastocysts cultured in 10% or 50% HSF (90.8 ± 4.2 and 81.9 ± 6.1 respectively). Thus, it is concluded that HSF has no embryotoxic effect but has a mildly negative effect on embryonic growth and development.
Copyright (C) 1998, European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology
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