The so-called General Adaptive Neighborhood Image Processing (GANIP) approach is presented in a two parts paper dealing respectively with its theoretical and practical aspects. The General Adaptive Neighborhood (GAN) paradigm, theoretically introduced in Part I , allows the building of new image processing transformations using context-dependent analysis. With the help of a specified analyzing criterion, such transformations perform a more significant spatial analysis, taking intrinsically into account the local radiometric, morphological or geometrical characteristics of the image. Moreover they are consistent with the physical and/or physiological settings of the image to be processed, using general linear image processing frameworks. In this paper, the GANIP approach is more particularly studied in the context of Mathematical Morphology (MM). The structuring elements, required for MM, are substituted by GAN-based structuring elements, fitting to the local contextual details of the studied image. The resulting morphological operators perform a really spatiallyadaptive image processing and notably, in several important and practical cases, are connected, which is a great advantage compared to the usual ones that fail to this property. Several GANIP-based results are here exposed and discussed in image filtering, image segmentation, and image enhancement. In order to evaluate the proposed approach, a comparative study is as far as possible proposed between the adaptive and usual morphological operators. Moreover, the interests to work with the Logarithmic Image Processing framework and with the 'contrast' criterion are shown through practical application examples.
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