Geographic labour mobility is an important element of a well-functioning labour market. By improving matches between employers and workers, geographic labour mobility can contribute to economic efficiency and community wellbeing. This report was commissioned by the Federal Government to examine the role of geographic mobility in more detail. It investigates patterns of mobility, the key determinants of mobility, the effectiveness of market signals, and the major impediments to geographic labour mobility. This report presents the findings of the study and recommendations on how government can improve geographic labour mobility in Australia.
Recommendations and findings
2. Conceptual framework
3. Why is geographic labour mobility important?
4. Labour demand in a changing economy
5. Residential mobility
7. Mobility and unemployment
8. Impediments and enablers
9. Employer strategies
10. Government strategies
11. Is there a problem?
12. Broader policy settings
Appendix A. Public consultation
Appendix B. Measuring geographic labour mobility
Appendix C. Geographic settlement in Australia
Appendix D. Econometric modelling of the decision to migrate
Appendix E. Econometric modelling of regional migration.
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