English, Article, Journal or magazine article edition: Understanding Why Universal Service Obligations May Be Unnecessary: The Private Development of Local Internet Access Markets Thomas Downes; Shane Greenstein

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Bookmark: http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/201234
Physical Description
  • preprint
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • Understanding Why Universal Service Obligations May Be Unnecessary: The Private Development of Local Internet Access Markets
Author
  • Thomas Downes
  • Shane Greenstein
Physical Description
  • preprint
Notes
  • RePEc:tuf:tuftec:0615
  • This study analyzes the geographic spread of commercial Internet Service Providers (ISPs), the leading suppliers of Internet access. The geographic spread of ISPs is a key consideration in U.S. policy for universal access. We examine the Fall of 1998, a time of minimal government subsidy, when inexpensive access was synonymous with a local telephone call to an ISP. Population size and location in a metropolitan statistical area were the single most important determinants of entry, but their effects on national, regional and local firms differed, especially on the margin. The thresholds for entry were remarkably low for local firms. Universal service in less densely-populated areas was largely a function of investment decisions by ISPs with local focus. There was little trace of the early imprint of government subsidies for Internet access at major U.S. universities.
  • Internet; Universal service; Geographic diffusion; Telecommunications
  • RePEc:tuf:tuftec:0516
Language
  • English
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