English, Article, Journal or magazine article edition: A Tax on Output of the Polluting Industry is Not a Tax on Pollution: The Importance of Hitting the Target Don Fullerton; Inkee Hong; Gilbert E. Metcalf

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Bookmark: http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/200857
Physical Description
  • preprint
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • A Tax on Output of the Polluting Industry is Not a Tax on Pollution: The Importance of Hitting the Target
Author
  • Don Fullerton
  • Inkee Hong
  • Gilbert E. Metcalf
Physical Description
  • preprint
Notes
  • RePEc:tuf:tuftec:9908
  • We explore the effects of environmental taxes that imprecisely target pollution. A review of actual policies indicates few (if any) examples of a true tax on pollution. More typically, environmental taxes target an input or output that is correlated with pollution. We construct a simple analytical general equilibrium model to calculate the optimum tax rate on the input of the polluting industry, in terms of key behavioral parameters, and we compare this imprecisely-targeted tax to an ideal tax on pollution. Finally, we consider incremental tax reforms such as a change in either tax from some pre-existing level. Using a utility-based money-metric measure of welfare, we examine the losses that arise from not taxing pollution directly. With no existing tax, under our plausible parameters, the welfare gain from an output tax is less that half the gain from an emissions tax.
  • RePEc:nbr:nberwo:7259
Language
  • English
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