Wear phenomena understanding of implants is a challenge: friction-corrosion of biomaterials, which constitute orthopaedic implants, is a significant issue concerning the aseptic loosening. This work aims at studying AISI 316L/bone cement friction which is a tribological problem related to hip joint cemented prostheses. This study focuses on the ionic strength effect on the tribological behaviour of 316L/bone cement and 316L/PMMA contacts. PMMA, poly(methylmethacrylate), can be considered as a model material for bone cement because of vicinity of mechanical properties and PMMA transparency. Pin on disk friction tests were investigated, in different media with NaCl concentration increasing. Friction coefficient and free corrosion potential of 316L sample were monitored. Moreover, SEM-FEG and microraman spectroscopy analyses were investigated on samples surfaces. Friction coefficient evolution according to ionic strength, for 316L/bone cement and 316L/PMMA contacts, are opposite. Indeed, when the ionic strength increases, the friction coefficient growths (decreases), for 316L/PMMA contact (for 316L/bone cement contact). The free corrosion potential decreases in both cases but more drastically for 316L/PMMA contact with ionic strength increasing. One might suggest that ions adsorption on 316L and PMMA surfaces involves attraction between surfaces in contact. On the contrary, ions adsorption on bone cement has no effect in terms of surface attraction forces, the gap between surfaces is too big due to roughness of bone cement. If ions concentration increases, the tribofilm viscosity between 316L and bone cement could increase. Attraction forces between surfaces are the less significant phenomenon compared to lubricant effect of tribofilm, 316L/bone cement contact. SEM-FEG analysis highlighted principally deep grooves on 316L surface, corrosive wear after destruction of passive film by friction. Finally microraman spectroscopy results, on metal surface, show principally Fe3O4 and Cr2O3 oxides deposits. Further investigations are in progress for understanding surfaces interactions during friction.
In order to set up a list of libraries that you have access to,
you must first login
or sign up.
Then set up a personal list of libraries from your profile page by
clicking on your user name at the top right of any screen.