FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT AND THE EXTERNAL BALANCE IN A TRANSITION ECONOMY: THE APPLICATION OF LIFE CYCLE THEORY
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balance of payments, current account, financial account, balance of income, investments, savings, foreign direct investment, life cycle
The article analyses a development of the external balance in five Central and Eastern European countries: the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, the Slovak Republic, and Slovenia. The main idea of the article is to apply, expand, and empirically verify the ideas of life cycle theory in the area of the impacts of foreign direct investment on the balance of payments in the transition countries. The article defines and explores the basic general stages in the external balance of a transition country. The definition of the stages draws from a model consumer behaviour within the life cycle theory once the external balance stages have been defined as follows: young transition economy, mature transition economy, post-transition economy, and expanding economy. The authors have developed a model that provides criteria which not only classify the current stage of each transition country, but also evaluate the success in the catching-up process of the country examined.
savings, life cycle, investments, foreign direct investment, financial account, current account, balance of payments, balance of income
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