English, Article edition: CZECH ECONOMY: FIRST YEAR AFTER THE EU ENTRY eva_zamrazilova@kb.cz); Kamil Janáèek; Kamil JANÁČEK; ...

User activity

Share to:
 
Bookmark: http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/197626
Physical Description
  • article
Language
  • English

Edition details

Title
  • CZECH ECONOMY: FIRST YEAR AFTER THE EU ENTRY
Author
  • eva_zamrazilova@kb.cz)
  • Kamil Janáèek
  • Kamil JANÁČEK
  • Eva ZAMRAZILOVÁ
Physical Description
  • article
Notes
  • RePEc:prg:jnlpep:v:2005:y:2005:i:3:id:262:p:195-220
  • monetary policy, inflation, balance of payments, investment and consumer demand, trade balance
  • In 2004, the Czech economy continued in solid growth. Slight acceleration of economic growth was driven in particular by strong investment demand and improving performance of the foreign trade with goods. On the other hand, due to slowdown in real wages, consumer demand weakened. 2004 was the year of turnover in foreign trade which has reported the best results since 1994. The EU entry was an important factor behind the improvement of trade balance – the foreign trade exchange significantly accelerated after the EU accession. The EU entry opened new chances to the exporters, especially small and medium-sized companies could fully use the advantage of the Single Market. With the trade balance improving, the reason for permanently high current account deficit is the growing deficit of income balance as a consequence of strong FDI inflow. January and May changes in the Value Added Tax brought a temporary speed-up of consumer prices. After the absorption of this increase, since the last quarter of 2004, headline inflation has been declining. Similar to previous years, inflation fell under the CNB target corridor. Record high world prices of oil and metals caused a strong increase of industrial producer prices, however, strong competition between both producers and traders has prevented the spillover to consumer prices.
  • labour market, foreign trade, external balance, economic growth, consumer and producer prices
  • 2004, which was also the year of EU entry, was quite successful for the Czech economy. Economic growth accelerated, driven in particular by the investment demand and exports. After 10 years of permanent deficits, the trade balance deficit diminished significantly. The effects of EU entry, which opened new chances to the exporters, accompanied the positive impact of FDI inflows from the past. Due to acceleration of exports, industrial output registered a record high growth within the last decade. Accelerating economic growth did not provoke inflationary pressures. Two waves of VAT increase (in January and May) were absorbed until the end of the year. A strong increase in PPI resulting from high world prices of oil and gas had no spillover effect to consumer prices due to strong competition between both the producers and traders. At the beginning of 2005, economic growth continued with the same pace as in 2004, driven by investment demand and exports. Consumer demand kept on weakening, consumption of households registered the weakest growth since the end of 1998. Both the industrial production and exports reported a slowdown due to sluggish economic activity in the euro area, especially in Germany.
  • trade balance, monetary policy, investment and consumer demand, inflation, balance of payments
  • RePEc:prg:jnlpol:v:2005:y:2005:i:5:id:523:p:579-600
Language
  • English
Contributed by
OAIster

Get this edition

  • Set up My libraries

    How do I set up "My libraries"?

    In order to set up a list of libraries that you have access to, you must first login or sign up. Then set up a personal list of libraries from your profile page by clicking on your user name at the top right of any screen.

  • All (1)
  • Unknown (1)
None of your libraries hold this item.
None of your libraries hold this item.
None of your libraries hold this item.
None of your libraries hold this item.
None of your libraries hold this item.
None of your libraries hold this item.
None of your libraries hold this item.
None of your libraries hold this item.

User activity


e.g. test cricket, Perth (WA), "Parkes, Henry"

Separate different tags with a comma. To include a comma in your tag, surround the tag with double quotes.

Be the first to add a tag for this edition

Be the first to add this to a list

Comments and reviews

What are comments? Add a comment

No user comments or reviews for this version

Add a comment