THE POSITION AND OUTPUTS OF PRIVATE INDUSTRIAL UNDERTAKINGS IN EAST GERMAN ECONOMY IN 1950S
In 1924 an economist and regionalist Jan Stocký (1897-1959) proposed to Rudolf Beran (1887-1952), at that time the secretary of the Republican Party of Farmers and Peasants (Agrarian Party), a concept of a plan of economic and social enhancement and its step-by-step realization through newly established interwar Economic Board of South Bohemia - Prague. The board followed up with some starting points and attempts from the pre-WWI period, from times of intensive attempts to find a solution to the so called "South-Bohemian question. The programme of its possible solution was defined in regional newspaper "South-Bohemian Region. The causes of complex situation were to be found in the preceding historical, economic and social development of the South or South-Western Bohemia. In the 1930s, the Economic Board of South Bohemia made an unsuccessful attempt at saving the declining South-Bohemian graphite mining companies through the participation of the Czechoslovak state. This group was formed by the Netolice Graphite Works in Chvalovice by Netolice, owned by František X. Kinský, owner of the Chlumec-nad-Cidlinou manor, and the Schwarzenberg Princely Graphite Mines in Černá v Pošumaví, owned by the Krumlov-Hluboká primogeniture of the princes of Schwarzenberg. Because of the opposition of some important officials representing for example Ministry of the National Defence, commercial and trading chambers, because of the reluctance of mines owners alone to extend the existence of uneconomic works, and because of financial demands of saving, the attempt came to nothing. After establishment the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, there appeared a diversion from the original regional concept. Therefore, it was proposed to build regional economic chambers in the spirit of the Nazi "new order. At that time, the cultural dimension of the regional movement was also intensified and emphasized. In 1941 the attempts to get through surviving Economic Board of South Bohemia definitely failed and similarly regionalism as such. Thereby the South-Bohemian regionalism also vanished from the life of Czech society.
Economic Board of South Bohemia (NSJ) - Prague, regionalism, South-Bohemian graphite mining companies, mines, blacklead (graphite), Netolice Graphite Works in Chvalovice by Netolice, Schwarzenberg Graphite Mines in Černá v Pošumaví (Schwarzbach)
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