THE ORIGIN AND NATURE OF THE BRITISH WELFARE STATE IN 1939-1951
The British post-war Welfare State originated from so called Beveridge Report (1942). The Labour government was successful in its effort to transform the war economy to peace conditions; the realization of its reform programme from spring 1945, mainly forming the Welfare State, i.e. the nationalization of key industries, creating of national system of insurance and system of social security benefits, forming the National Health System and the attempt to start new housing and education policy, was much more complicated. The cabinet wanted to avoid the fundamental conflict with its electorate and with general public at all and that was the main reason why its reforms were not as radical as the Labour Party announced before the election in July 1945.
Welfare State, Beveridge report, labour government, nationalization, national health service
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