Fair trade, also known as resale price maintenance (RPM), is a per se violation of the antitrust laws. Economic theory suggests that RPM may enhance the efficiency of distribution, but opposition to the practice remains strong. This opposition may stem from concern that RPM raises retail prices and penalizes well-informed customers. This paper summarizes research on the motivation for RPM as well as its impact on prices. The analysis suggests that comparing prices in RPM jurisdictions with those in free-trade areas provides little guidance on likely effects if RPM were permitted everywhere. An analysis of RPM's impact on prices is developed, and then this analysis is employed to assess RPM's welfare effects. Results of the welfare analysis are shown to depend crucially on which form of cost function is assumed for services provided by dealers. Copyright 1985 Western Economic Association International.
In order to set up a list of libraries that you have access to,
you must first login
or sign up.
Then set up a personal list of libraries from your profile page by
clicking on your user name at the top right of any screen.