YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT OUTFLOW RATES AND LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS: AUSTRALIAN EVIDENCE
A matching function methodology is used to investigate the macroeconomic effects of labor market program (LMP) commencements on youth unemployment outflows in Australia using unpublished data that classify commencements and outflows by duration of unemployment. The results indicate that LMPs have had significant effects on outflows from short-term unemployment. There is a net positive effect from LMP commencements on short-term unemployed female outflow rates. However, females experienced negative spillover effects from male LMP commencements. These spillover effects appear to be associated with wage subsidy programs and suggest the net impact of such programs may have been overstated in previous studies. Copyright 2002 Western Economic Association International.
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